• Insufficient storage density
Challenges utilising the given or planned cubatures of the building.
• Need for scalable automation
Need for first, step-wise automated processes (goods-to-person-picking).
• Picking / delivery performance
Forecastable, reliable pick & hence delivery performance, e.g. throughout seasonal peaks not given.
• Insufficient ergonomics
Impacts of demographic change & physical workload of repetitive processes.
• Low delivery quality
Picking errors lead to unsatisfied customers and extra corrective efforts.
• Personnel costs & availability
Increased labour costs and challenging labour availability have direct impact on customer satisfaction.